Independent Expert Council

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Dr. Tare Brisibe (Nigeria)
Independent expert

Dr. Tare Brisire was Chairman of the Legal Subcommittee of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (2014). Doctor of Law graduated from Leiden University in the Netherlands. Leading Lawyer and Legal Advisor to the Supreme Court of Nigeria. Participant in the Third UN Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNISPACE III, delegate to the sessions of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, Chairman of the Legal Subcommittee (2014). Member of the Committee of Government Experts of the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law UNIDROIT on the Space Protocol for the Cape Town Convention. Participant in conferences of the ITU International Telecommunication Union, ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization, APT Asia Pacific Telecommunications Radio Forum, as well as the ALC African Leadership Conference on Space Science and Technology for Sustainable Development, member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)  Expert Council on Dispositive Standards and Dispute Resolution through space.

Prof. Steven Freeland (Australia)
Independent expert

Prof. Steven Freeland is a Professor of International Law at Western Sydney University, Australia where he specializes in International Criminal Law, Commercial Aspects of Space Law, Public International Law, and Human Rights Law. He was Dean of the School of Law at Western Sydney University from 2017-2019. He is also Visiting Professor at the University of Vienna; Permanent Visiting Professor at the iCourts Centre of Excellence for International Courts, University of Copenhagen; Adjunct Professor at the University of Hong Kong; Member of Faculty at the London Institute of Space Policy and Law; Visiting Professor at Université Toulouse1 Capitole; Adjunct Professor at University of Adelaide; Associate Member at the Centre for Research in Air and Space Law, McGill University; and a former Marie Curie Fellow (2013-2014). He has been an expert assessor for Government Research Councils in Australia, Canada, The Netherlands, South Africa, Hong Kong, and has taught at Universities in over 20 countries.

He has also been a Visiting Professional within the Appeals Chamber at the International Criminal Court (ICC), and a Special Advisor to the Danish Foreign Ministry in matters related to the ICC. He represents the Australian Government at various United Nations Conferences and Committee Meetings and has advised the Australian Commonwealth Department of Industry, Innovation, and Science, and the New Zealand and Norwegian Governments, on issues related to the regulation of space activities. Among other appointments, he is a Director and foundational member of the Directorate of Studies of the Paris-based International Institute of Space Law, a member of the Space Law Committee of the London-based International Law Association and a member of the Space Law Committee and the War Crimes Committee of the London-based International Bar Association.


He sits on the Editorial Board of the Australian International Law Journal, the Canada-based Annals of Air and Space Law, the German-based German Journal of Air and Space Law, the China-based Space Law Review, the London-based ROOM Space Journal, the Oxford Research Encyclopaedia, Planetary Science, and on the Advisory Board of the India-based Asian Journal of Air and Space Law, the Belarusian Yearbook of International Law and the UK-based Journal of Philosophy of International Law, as well as a series of books entitled Studies in Space Law. He is also Co-Editor of Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals, a long-established series of casebooks annotating the jurisprudence of the International Criminal Court, the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon and the Special Panels for Serious Crimes in East Timor.

He has authored approximately 300 publications on various aspects of International Law and has been invited to present over 1100 expert commentaries by national and international media outlets worldwide on a wide range of legal and geopolitical issues. He has been invited to present conference papers and keynote speeches in Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Romania, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam.

Mr. Ish Jain, Advocate (India)
Independent Expert

Mr. Ish Jain is a Senior Partner at Regius Legal LLP, a law firm with head-office based in India. Mr. Ish Jain heads the firm’s practice area of Air & Space Law, Technology Law, International Dispute Resolution, International Project Financing, and International litigation/dispute management services in the UK, UAE, Singapore, Hong Kong, and the US.

Mr. Ish Jain’s academic pursuit has been a story-to-tell. This journey began in the year 2004 and by the age of 23, Mr. Jain had not only completed B.L.S., L.L.B. degree (5 years course) along with Masters in the field of Technology law from University of Edinburgh but also completed his Masters in field of International Arbitration Law and International Commercial Law and several diplomas in a related field like Intellectual Property Rights. This academic pursuit gave him an insight into the different perspectives of technology and the space-tech industry of several countries and also taught him to compare and comprehend the laws of various jurisdictions around the world. Subsequently, Mr. Jain also pursued a course in Astrophysics from the University of Mumbai and obtained formal education in Air and Space Law.

Meanwhile, after returning from the UK in 2010, the initial 2 years he worked with top-tier law firms and handled matters that gave him exposure to technology law. In 2012, he started his practice in this process, he developed a legal practice with special focus on Arbitration, Real-Estate, Commercial law, and Technology law and it is during this course of time where he was first introduced to Space technology practice. The peculiarities of the Space sector kindled his fire to learn more about it and after spending a considerable amount of time in research and knowledge exchange with several industry players, he realized that the companies entering the space sector are not hedged against potential risks. The plight of several companies being forced out of sector soon after they enter (or sometimes even before they make a full-fledged entry) influenced Ish Jain to contribute his legal knowledge and acumen to the Space sector and provide end-to-end Legal assistance to players in the Space sector. Mr. Ish Jain is also uniquely placed as an expert in advising these players in Air and Space sector due to his experience and knowledge in the field of Aerospace and Technology law but also due to unapparelled grasp and experience of 15 years in the documentation and negotiations in commercial transactions & project financing, Arbitration, and International litigation management services. Mr. Jain is poised with a team of lawyers capable of catering to all the requirements of the Air and Space sector.

Mr. Ish Jain is also appointed as an Arbitrator in several cases since the age of 29 and has been impaneled as an Arbitrator at the Bombay High Court at the age of 30. Mr. Ish Jain is also an Aerospace Arbitrator in India with required Technical as well as Legal knowledge in the field of Air and Space Law.

Apart from the Air and Space Law, Technology, Project Financing, and Arbitration practice of the firm, Mr. Ish Jain also handles the law firm’s practice in Litigation, Commercial and Corporate law. Mr. Ish Jain is also a member of the Space Generation Advisory Council (SGAC).

Francis Kudjoe (Ghana)
Independent expert
Francis Kudjoe is a postgraduate at the University of Bremen. He was the first Ghanaian to complete the professional Space Studies Program of 2016 (SSP16) of the International Space University (ISU). He finished his Masters by research in Environmental Physics with a major in Satellite Remote Sensing. At ISU his specialty was Space Applications. He holds MPhil in Physics with a major in Radiation Physics from the University of Cape Coast. He is often fascinated by events in the galaxies and space, and curious to know the reasons behind major space events and their impact on Earth. This passion drove him to a recently complete basic course in Radio Astronomy under the auspices of Development in Africa with Radio Astronomy, (DARA) program. He is deeply involved in space science and radio astronomy outreach in schools, on radio, and on television. His participation in DARA is inspired by the fact that Astronomy research requires cutting-edge technology and methods and comes with skills that are transferable to other areas. He has acquired advanced skills in python programming, which has superior computational capabilities for big data analysis to enhance his computational and analytical skills in his research career in Earth, Atmospheric and Space Sciences. A national Daily Graphic publication about an interview with him earned a national award-winning story on small scale mining in 2018.
Dr. Elvira Prado (Spain)
Independent expert

Dr. Elvira Prado is head of Space Law Studies of the Ibero-American Institute of Aeronautics and Space Law and Commercial Aviation (Advisory body of United Nations and COPUOS Observer). She holds a master in Maritime and  Air Law (Free University of Brussels, ULB) and a Ph.D. in Public International Law from the Rey Juan Carlos University of Madrid. Dr. Prado is responsible for managing different research groups and has recently published the book "Major space Law challenges for the EU Member States". She collaborates with different academic organizations, she is a member of the Space Law Committee and the Cultural Heritage Law Committee of the International Law Association (ILA), as well as the International Institute for Space Law (IISL) and the Société Française de Droit Aérien et Spatial (SFDAS). She is a member of the advisory committee of the non-profit organization For All Moonkind.

Prof. Zhenjun Zhang (China)
Independent expert

Prof. Zhenjun Zhang is Secretary General & Research Fellow at the China Institute of Space Law. His major achievements and responsibilities are:

Prof. Zhang has served as Expert Group D member of UNCOPUOS Working Group on Long Term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities since 2011. He authored China’s Position Paper on the Issues of Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities, which was published in UNCOPUOS in 2016. He participated as Chinese Delegation member in UNCOPUOS sessions since 2011, focusing on the draft guideline consultations for the Long Term Sustainability(LTS)initiative.

Prof. Zhang advises widely on space diplomacy for various space agencies/organisations including China National Space Administration(CNSA)and China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation(CASC). He has served as Vice President of China Center for Aerospace Science and Technology  Communications since 2016.

Prof. Zhang has been fostering China’s space law capacity building by organising and sponsoring up to 70 research projects on space law and policy since 2011 across China’s space law and policy community. He has served as organizer and/or keynote speaker for a great number of national and international events on space law and policy in China and beyond.

Prof. Zhang has been enthusiastically promoting China’s national space legislation process, which in 2013 led to a national legislation plan with space law included, as approved by China’s top legislature. Since 2014, he has served as one of the major contributors for the first draft National Space Law of China and related supportive documents. He proactively participated in the drafting process of China’s two most recent White Papers on space activities, i.e. “China’s Space Activities in 2011” and “China’s Space Activities in 2016”.

Prof. Zhang has served as founding Editor-in-Chief of China’s national Yearbook of Space Law Studies since 2012. As author for dozens of papers on space law and policy, he published in 2012 a monograph titled Study on the International Legal Regime Governing Lunar Resource Exploitation Activities. He serves as co-translator of CoLogne Commentary on Space Law(CoCoSL)Volume I, whose first ever Chinese version made its debut in 2017.

Prof. Zhang initiated in 2012 the joint Annual Colloquium of Chinese Society of Astronautics and China Institute of Space Law as China’s signature national event to bring together space scientists and
space social scientists for academic exchanges. This event has developed into China Space Conference since 2018 in celebration of China’s National Day for Space Flight. He also serves as founding Editor for the Annual Colloquium Proceedings of China Institute of Space Law since 2012.

Prof. Zhang was elected as IISL Board director in 2015. He has also served as member of the IISL Moot Court Committee since 2013. He played a significant role for China to host and fund IISL events during the 64 th IAC in 2013 as well as the Asia Pacific Regional Round of Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition in 2014, the first time to bring the Regional Round to China. He has served as organiser for China’s National Funding Round of the IISL Manfred Lachs Space Law Moot Court Competition since 2011.

Prof. Zhang was elected as Corresponding Member for Section 4 – Social Sciences of the International Academy of Astronautics(IAA)in 2017. He served as co-chair and co-editor of IAA Study(SG3.17)on Space Mineral Resources – A Global Assessment on the Challenges and Opportunities, which was published in the USA in 2015, with its Chinese version published in China in 2017.

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